So what is the name of the highest mountain in the world?
What is it that actually made it the highest mountain in the world?
This and many more you will find out in this wonderful article.
As we all know, there are mountains in almost every part of the world.
This is a natural blessing given to man by God.
Mountains add a lot of beauty to nature, and they play a very vital role.
There are over 109 mountains in the world with elevations that are higher than 7,200 meters above sea level.
The majority of these mountains are actually located around the Indian and Eurasian plates.
In this article, we will look at the highest mountain in the world, as well as other wonderful facts which you need to know.
Without taking any more of your time, let us get down to the question.
What is the name of the highest mountain in the world?
Before going further, we have to look at a few things.
The tallest mountains above sea level are usually not the highest above the surrounding terrain.
There is actually no specific definition of their surrounding base.
However, mountains like Mount Kilimanjaro, Denali, and Nanga Parbat are worthy candidates for the highest mountains on land using this measure.
The actual bases of island mountains are below sea level.
If this is considered, Mauna Kea and Volcano would be the highest mountains.
Volcano actually rises over 10,000m (33,000+ ft) from the floor of the Pacific Ocean.
Although all these mountains make it to top spots when certain things are considered.
None of them is actually the highest mountain in the world.
When talking about the highest mountains in the world, we often refer to the highest mountains in the world above sea level.
So what is the name of the highest mountain in the world above sea level?
The name of the highest mountain in the world is ‘Mount Everest’.
Have you ever heard of this mountain?
If you’ve not, then this article is a good starting point for you.
Elevation: 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft)
Geographical Coordinates: 27°59′17″N 86°55′31″E
- Sagarmāthā (Nepali)
- Chomolungma (Tibetan)
- Zhūmùlǎngmǎ (Chinese)
Located on the border between Province 1 of Nepal and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China.
China and Nepal
Mount Everest is the highest mountain in the world.
Situated on the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas, this mountain towers up to 8,848.86 m (29,031.7 ft) above the earth.
The border between Nepal and China actually runs across the summit of this mountain.
With such a height, this mountain is indeed a tourist site.
Mount Everest is one of the mountains that attract climbers from different parts of the world.
Many of these climbers are world renowned mountaineers.
There are actually two major climbing paths on Mount Everest.
One approaches the summit from the South-East of Nepal, while the other is from the North in Tibet.
The route which actually approaches the summit from southeast Nepal is said to be the standard route.
Climbing from the standard route doesn’t actually pose too much technical danger.
However, the other routes to the summit of Mount Everest present a couple of dangers like wind, weather, and altitude sickness.
There could also be dangers from Icefall and more.
Back in 2019, over 300 people died on this mountain.
Many of these bodies still remain unfound on this mountain.
Who Climbed Mount Everest first?
The first move that was made to reach the top of Mount Everest was made by British Mountaineers.
During this period, Nepal did not permit foreigners into their country.
As a result, the British mountaineers had to make several attempts from the Northern route which was actually in Tibet.
The British mountaineers later embarked on a reconnaissance mission in 1921.
However, they were only able to ascend 7,000 m (22,970 ft) from the North.
After this, another expedition was carried out in 1922.
This time, they were able to climb up to 8,320 m (27,300 ft) from the North.
This marked the first time a human being actually climbed over 8,000 m (26,247 ft).
It was said that seven porters lost their lives in an avalanche while they descended from the Northern route.
The expedition which took place in 1924 actually became one of the greatest Mysteries that ever occurred on Everest.
Two mountaineers named Andrew Irvine and George Mallory made a final summit attempt.
However, they never returned from their trip.
There was actually a lot of debate that they were the first people to reach the top.
It was said that they were spotted high up the mountain before they disappeared into the clouds.
As a result, a lot of people concluded that they reached the top of the mountain.
However, the body of George Mallory was found later in 1999 at 8,155m (26,755 ft) on the North route.
Standard Route of Mount Everest
Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay were the first mountaineers who made an official trip up Everest from the South-East route in Nepal.
Before this, Tenzing Norgay had once reached 8,595 m (28,199 ft) on this mountain as part of the Swiss Expedition in 1952.
A team of Chinese mountaineers: Wang Fuzhou, Qu Yinhua, and Gonpo were the first to ascend to the peak from the Northern route.
This actually took place back in 1960.
Mount Everest Height
Back in October 2005, the Chinese Academy of Sciences and State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping came up with results from their calculations.
It was said that after months of calculations and measurements, they discovered that Mount Everest had a height of 8,844.43 m (29,017.16 ft).
They further claimed that this was the most accurate measurement yet.
This height is actually based on the rock, rather than the ice toppings.
They discovered an ice depth of 11ft, which actually raises its height to 8,848m.
Later on, there was a disagreement between Nepal and China.
They argued as to whether the main height of the mountain should be based on the rock height or the snow height.
However, they soon came to terms, and both countries agreed that the height of the mountain would be based on the ice height which is 8,848m high.
After the settlement of their disagreement in 2010.
Nepal then accepted the Chinese research which claimed that the rock height was actually 8,844m high.
On the 8th of December 2020, China And Nepal made a joint announcement that the official height of Mount Everest is 8,848.86 m (29,032 feet).
Mount Everest Climbing Records
By the end of the climbing season in 2010, a grand total of 5,104 ascents had been made by 3,142 persons.
As the highest mountain in the world, a lot of mountaineers try to climb Mount Everest.
However, we will look at some notable climbs in this section of the article.
First ascent to 8,000 m (26,247 ft).
This was done by George Finch and Captain Geoffrey Bruce.
First ascent to South Col by Swiss Mount Everest Expedition team in 1952.
First official ascent by Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay on the British Expedition to Mount Everest in 1953.
First ever reported climb from the North Ridge.
This was done by Gonpo, Wang Fuzhou, and Qu Yinhua.
They were all Chinese mountaineers.
Junko Tabei was the first female mountaineer to climb Mount Everest.
First ascent without oxygen.
This was done by Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler.
Still in 1978, Franz Oppurg also became the first solo ascent of Mount Everest.
In 1980, the Polish National Expedition team (Krzysztof Wielicki and Leszek Cichy) became the first winter ascent of Mount Everest.
Still in 1980, Reinholf Messner became the first solo ascent of Mount Everest without supplemental oxygen.
First crossover climb.
This was carried out by Japanese, Chinese and Nepali teams.
These teams ascended the peak of the mountain simultaneously from different angles, and descended down to the other sides.
This was also the first that was recorded on a live television broadcast.
Still in 1988, Jean-Marc Bolvin became the first ascent by paraglider.
Same year, Lydia Bradley also became the first female ascent without supplementary oxygen.
The last and final record of 1988 was made when Kazi Sherpa became the fastest to reach the summit via the south-east ridge.
He actually did this without oxygen, and he reached the summit in 20 hours, 24 minutes.
Davo Karnicar became the first descent by Ski.
Erik Weihenmayer became the first blind ascent of Mount Everest.
Still in 2001, Lhakpa Sherpa became the first Nepali woman to reach the top of Everest and survive.
Pemba Dorke became the fastest to reach the summit through the south Col without oxygen (8 hours, 10 minutes).
Lhakpa Sherpa reached the top of Mount Everest for the sixth time.
This made her the most successful female climber of Mount Everest.
Christian Stangul became the fastest to reach the top through the north-east ridge without oxygen.
He actually took just 16 hours and 42 minutes.
Jordan Romero became the youngest person to reach the top of Mount Everest.
He was only 13 years old when he reached the summit.
Apa Sherpa bagged the record for most times to reach the top of Mount Everest (21 times between 1990 to 2011).
Melissa Arnot reached the top of Everest for the fifth time, breaking her own record for the most successful summits by a non-Sherpa female.
Malavath Purna became the youngest female to reach the top of Mount Everest.
She was only 13 years and 11 months old when she reached the summit.
Kami Rita Sherpa of the Alpine Ascents made her 21st ascent to the summit.
Kami Rita Sherpa broke her own record to reach 24 ascents to the summit.
These are some major climbing records on Mount Everest.
Conclusion On The Highest Mountain In The World
From this informative article, you can see that Mount Everest is indeed a historical mountain.
A lot of lives have been lost on this mountain.
However, a lot of fresh mountaineers keep trooping to this mountain to create their own records.
So far, that will be all we have on Mount Everest.
If you actually found this article useful or interesting, then feel free to drop your comments below.